Vietnamese Coffee-An Introduction of Vietnamese Coffee
In this post, A.N Tours will help you to discover the Vietnamese Coffee history, some kind of Coffee in Vietnam such as Egg coffee, Coffee with condensed milk.. Let’s get started now!
What is the location of Vietnam?
Vietnam is located on the eastern margin of the Indochina area. Unlike other country neighbors like Laos or Cambodia, Vietnam is dividing into climate zones, with tropical climate in the southern and moderate climate in the North. There are five different geographic regions : The Red river Delta, The highlands, Truong Son mountainous area, The Mekong Delta area, and the Coastline lowlands.
History of Coffee in Vietnam!!!
During the time, Frace occupied Vietnam, They realized that the weather and the soil in the central highland were suitable to grow some long-life tree such as rubber and coffee. Coffee was brought the first time to Vietnam from 1857. In terms of coffee, Laos and Cambodia were probably earlier players than Vietnam. But eventually Vietnam became the leading producer of coffee in Southeast Asia. At that time, France expanded the coffee farm considerably. Government enforced the Vietnamese farmer to cultivate and take care of the coffee farm so they could have enough coffee to export back to France. Coffee production has dramatically increased since it’s beginnings. But most of Vietnamese did not know how to use and drink coffee. It’s only served for France and their allies.
Coffee mainly was planted in the mountainous regions traverse the area in roughly the same direction as the prevailing winds such as Daklak province, Lam Dong Province ( Da Lat city)…. Coffee plantation was effected by war and governmental policy such as when the war was over in Vietnam, Residence was limited to grow the coffee because Vietnamese government limited private enterprise.
Until 1986, When Government changed the economic form to permit the people own their business again .That’s make coffee production flourished.
Nowaday, Vietnam is the world’s second largest producer of coffee after Brazil and involves considerably in coffee cultivation with 1 millions tons of coffee exported.
What kinds of coffee are grown in Vietnam?
The robusta mainly is grown in Highland region of Vietnam : There is in Daklak, Daknong, Gia lai, Kontum, and Lam Dong . Relying on the weather condition and the soil from each region brings so different flavor that stands for standard of the area. The Robusta coffee usually is harvested from late October to the beginning of December. Robusta coffee is the strongest coffee in Vietnam with tons of Caffein and bitter flavor so if you want to be awake, you should enjoy one cup. Vietnam’s always leads the world in Robusta coffee with 79% volume of export.
2- Cherry Coffee -jack fruit coffee
We can call Cherry coffee as Jack fruit coffee due to the height of the coffee tree. There is 2 varieties of Cherry coffee : Liberica and Exelsa but in this post we only refer Exelsa.
In the Central Highlands, excelsa coffee often blooms and is harvested later than other coffee species due to its rain-blooming essence, and is usually harvested in December of the lunar calendar, after other coffee species have been harvested. The output of excelsa coffee is not much with large slender white kernel. Excelsa coffee trees are usually thoroughbred or used as wind-breaking forest belts for robusta coffee plots, usually planted in rows at a distance of 5-7m per tree.
Excelsa coffee seeds are often mixed with robusta, arabica coffee during the process of roasting or grounding to create flavor. Excelsa coffee often meets the taste of European consumers. The European type of instant coffee usually has a high percentage of excelsa coffee, so often characterized by sour taste.
3- Arabica coffee
Arabica coffee is not planted widely like other species of coffee and mainly grow in some specific areas with moderate climate and high rain level such as Lam Dong, Quang Tri and some mountainous areas in the North of Vietnam like Lao Cai or Son La. We have so many types of Arabica coffee grown in Vietnam, but Catimor is widely grown in most parts of coffee land. Normally, Arabica has sour flavor so they often use this to promote their roasted coffee
Types of Must try Coffee in Vietnam
1- Cà Phê Sữa (Coffee with Condensed milk)
Cà Phê sữa is one of the most famous coffee in Vietnam and one of top ten the most delicious in the world. There is particular style for Vietnamese Coffee, in the other hand, is a traditional coffee from France era . There is many coffee shop served that kind of coffee . It can be served hot or cold (with ice) but normally With a tropical country, Vietnamese tend to drink with ice ( Cafe sữa đá). Instead of using sugar, they use Condensed milk to have a better taste. The yummy sugary kick behind the condensed milk is a perfect combination to the incredibly strong, slightly bitter, dark-roasted Vietnamese coffee.
The Vietnamese coffee drip is usually using a Phin ( made from silver or steel), which consists of a small cup, a lid and a filter chamber. They put the coffee inside the filter and brew it into a small with condensed milk on the bottom.
Where to find this coffee?
This style of coffee is available throughout Vietnam, So it is easy to find at any coffee shop from a small vendor on the street to a luxury coffee shop or the restaurant. Some place for this coffee in Ho Chi Minh City : Trung Nguyen coffee, The coffee house…..
In our tour, We bring you to try this coffee at 45 year-old coffee shop with a beautiful antique design : Click here
2- Cafe trung (Egg coffee)
Vietnamese Egg Coffee is standing for the North Style region. This is one of the top 17 must-try coffee all over the world. Why is this coffee popular in Hanoi ? What is the taste ? This kind of coffee is made the first time in 1946 by Nguyen Giang- the owner of cafe in 39 Nguyen Huu Huan, Ha Noi. The ingredients are very simple : Vietnamese Robusta coffee, Condensed milk and one essential as Egg Yolk. When you hear egg yolk, that sounds kinda gross but They only use the Egg yolk and remove the white yolk so the smell is lightly aroma. The Ca Phe Trung has a noticeable smell and flavor of egg which is likely sweet and creamy by egg yolk and milk, and bitter after taste of strong Vietnamese Coffee. So a lot of people have tasted and resulted in what’s often described as liquid tiramisu.
Where to try Cafe Trung ?
- IN HANOI
Giang Café is humbly hidden on a small lane on Nguyen Huu Huan Street in the city’s old quarter. Opened from 1946 and considered as the best egg coffee in Ha Noi.
Price : 30,000 VND/Cup or 1.4 $
Address: 39 Nguyen Huu Huan Street , Hoan Kiem – Hanoi
Oriberry Coffee is set up to find a sustainable solution through create the fair trade so they can provide a better working condition and income to smalholders both online and in the shop.
Price : 40,000 VND or 1.7 $
Address: 25 Xuan Dieu, Tay Ho, Hanoi or 36 Au trieu, Hoan Kiem, Hanoi
Ca phe Lam is one of the oldest coffee shop in Ha Noi. It’s a small coffee shop as the family bussiness and served good egg coffee. When you visit here, you can try other kinds of Coffee in Viet Nam such as Cafe sua da, Cafe Da…
Price: 40,000 VND or 1.7$
Address :60 Nguyen Huu Huan – Old Quarter – Hanoi
Ca Phe Pho Co is a small coffee shop in the old quater of Hanoi. It,s located inside of an old building and with a unique view to Hoan Kiem Lake . It’s so great atmostphere to enjoy egg coffee.
Price: 35,000 VND
Address: 11 Hang Gai, Hoan Kiem, Hanoi
*IN SAIGON : Due to a special flavor, Egg coffee come into Saigon as an usual. The flavor is a little bit changing to suit the southern people. It’ll will bring another experience to you during the time here.
Hoa Dat coffee is a vintage and cosy coffee shop in Ho Chi Minh city which has been set up since 2013. They serve varieties of finest Vietnamese coffee, tea…..and of course, the good egg coffee.
Price: 35,000VND or 1.5$
Address: 235A Huynh Tan Phat street, District 7, HCMC
Luu Gia cafe is a small store, at the corner of small street in Phu Nhuan street. This place is known as the first place to serve the egg coffee in the menu in Saigon. with classic style will bring the people to antique Hanoi.The egg coffee is keeping the original taste of that in Hanoi.
3- Cafe Dua ( Coffee with coconut ice-cream)
The last type of coffee we want to share in this post : Cafe Dua. Vietnamese are so creative to generate many treats for people around the world. In this treat, Coconut and Coffee will go together and blend to make a good combination . In the hot weather country like Vietnam, when you fight to get over the heat, definitely you would like to get something cool and fresh. This treat is for you. The creamy from the coconut ice-cream complemented the acidity of Robusta coffee making it a drinkable, hot dessert to be savored to the last drop.
Where to try Coconut coffee?
There is only a few coffee shops that offer this kind of coffee. We will list some of them:
Cộng cafe is a famous chain for Coconut coffee. They have the store in both Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh city. They also have some other coffee such as Egg coffee, Cafe with milk…. you might want to try.
Range price: 29,000 VND-65,000 VND
In Ho Chi Minh : 127-129 Bui Vien, Pham Ngu Lao ward, District 1
In Hanoi : 35A Nguyen Huu Huan, Hoan Kiem
The Note coffee allows customers to communicate their thoughts by writing on sticky notes and plastering them anywhere throughout the shops.
Address: 36 Luong Van Can, Hanoi